Today in History: Adnan Menderes Elected as the General Chairman of the Democrat Party

Adnan Menderes
Adnan Menderes

June 9 is the 160th day of the year (161th in leap years) according to the Gregorian calendar. There are 205 days remaining until the end of the year.

Railways

  • June 9, 1830 A British capital group headed by British officers Colonel Francis Chesney came from the Euphrates Valley to the Euphrates basin to explore the railroad that stretches from Baghdad to Basra.
  • 9 June 1868 Ecnebilere was given the property right.

Olaylar 

  • 53 - Roman Emperor Nero marries his half-sister, Empress Claudia Octavia.
  • 68 - Roman Emperor Nero committed suicide.
  • 1617 – The Blue Mosque, which was built by Architect Sedefkar Mehmet Ağa between 1609 and 1616, was opened to worship in the square named by Sultan Ahmet I in Istanbul.
  • 1660 – XIV in Saint-Jean-de-Luz. Louis and Marie Therese were married.
  • 1815 – Congress of Vienna ends.
  • 1910 - Seda-i Millet newspaper's editor-in-chief, Ahmet Samim, was killed in Istanbul.
  • 1921 – The ammunition to be used in the War of Independence begins to land from İnebolu and be taken to the front.
  • 1928 - Australian pilot Charles Kingsford Smith crossed the Pacific for the first time in his plane.
  • 1942 – In the competition opened for Anıtkabir, Prof. Emin Onat and Orhan Arda's projects came first.
  • 1950 - Adnan Menderes was elected as the Chairman of the Democrat Party
  • 1955 – 4 Americans accused of tearing up the Turkish flag were acquitted in the trial.
  • 1959 - The first nuclear-armed submarine, the USS George Washington, is launched.
  • 1980 – Eighth devaluation in six months; The value of the Turkish lira decreased by 5,5-8,8 percent.
  • 1997 – Malta Airlines flight from Valletta to Istanbul was hijacked to Cologne by İsmail Beyazpınar and Nusret Akmercan.
  • 1999 – Yugoslavia and NATO sign the agreement on the withdrawal of Serbian troops from Kosovo. NATO halted airstrikes and officially ended on 20 June.
  • 2019 – Presidential election was held in Kazakhstan. The current president, Kasım Cömert Tokayev, was re-elected president.

births

  • 1640 – Leopold I, House of Habsburg and Holy Roman Emperor (d. 1705)
  • 1672 – Peter the Great, Tsar of Russia (d. 1725)
  • 1774 – Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall, Austrian historian, diplomat, and Orientalist (d. 1856)
  • 1781 – George Stephenson, English mechanical engineer (who designed the first steam locomotive, the "Rocket") (d. 1848)
  • 1810 – Otto Nicolai, German opera composer and conductor (d. 1849)
  • 1812 – Johann Gottfried Galle, German astronomer (d. 1910)
  • 1891 – Cole Porter, American composer and lyricist (d. 1964)
  • 1911 – Maclyn McCarty, American geneticist (d. 2005)
  • 1915 – Les Paul, American musician (d. 2009)
  • 1916 – Jurij Brezan, German writer (d. 2006)
  • 1916 – Robert McNamara, US Secretary of Defense and President of the World Bank (d. 2009)
  • 1917 – Eric Hobsbawm, English historian and author (d. 2012)
  • 1934 – Sevim Çağlayan, Turkish classical music artist and actress (d. 2000)
  • 1934 – Ülkü Erakalın, Turkish director (d. 2016)
  • 1939 – Ertan Anapa, Turkish light music artist (d. 1991)
  • 1945 – Betty Mahmudi, American writer and activist
  • 1946 – James Kelman, Scottish writer
  • 1952 – Bülent Ersoy, Turkish musician
  • 1951 – İsmail Nizamoğlu, Bulgarian origin Turkish wrestler and wrestling trainer
  • 1954 – Jad Fair, American singer, songwriter, and musician
  • 1961 – Michael J. Fox, American actor
  • 1963 – Johnny Depp, American actor, screenwriter, director, producer, and musician
  • 1967 – Şoray Uzun, Turkish presenter, screenwriter, director and actor
  • 1968 - Niki Bakogianni, Greek high jumper
  • 1968 – Aleksandr Vladimirovich Konovalov, Russian lawyer and politician
  • 1973 – Ayşe Tolga, Turkish TV and movie actress
  • 1975 – Otto Addo, German-born Ghanaian national football player
  • 1976 – Sedat Artuç, Turkish weightlifter
  • 1976 – Costas Elia, Cypriot football player
  • 1977 – Tuğba Ekinci, Turkish pop music singer
  • 1978 – Matthew Bellamy, English vocalist
  • 1978 – Miroslav Klose, German football player
  • 1978 – Zeki Kayahan Coşkun, Turkish radio broadcaster
  • 1979 – Dario Dainelli, Italian Footballer
  • 1980 – Navíd Akhavan, Iranian-German film and TV series actor
  • 1981 - Natalie Portman, Israeli actress
  • 1982 – Christina Stürmer, Austrian singer
  • 1982 – Ozan Akbaba, Turkish actor
  • 1983 – Alektra Blue, American nude model and pornographic film actress
  • 1983 – Zoogen Voorgensen, Dutch anthropologist
  • 1984 – Wesley Sneijder, Dutch football player
  • 1986 – Mërgim Mavraj is a German football player.
  • 1988 – Tigran Gevorg Martirosyan, Armenian weightlifter
  • 1988 – Sokratis Papastathopulos, Greek national football player
  • 1989 - Danilo Fernando Avelar, Brazilian football player
  • 1992 – Yannick Agnel is a French swimmer.
  • 1992 - Dennis Appiah, French football player
  • 1994 – Viktor Fischer, Danish national football player
  • 1994 – Keisha Gray, an American porn star

Weapon

  • 62 – Claudia Octavia, Roman Empress (b. 39-40)
  • 68 – Nero, Roman Emperor (suicide) (b. 37)
  • 373 – Efrem – Syrian Deacon, religious teacher, theologian and commentator, Father of Syrians (b. 306)
  • 630 – Shahrbaraz, General in the Sassanid Empire (b. ?)
  • 1597 – José de Anchieta, Spanish Jesuit missionary (b. 1534)
  • 1870 – Charles Dickens, English writer (b. 1812)
  • 1894 – Karl Friedrich Louis Dobermann, German dog breeder (b. 1834)
  • 1910 – Ahmet Samim, Turkish journalist and writer (b. 1884)
  • 1926 – Sanford B. Dole, Hawaiian politician (b. 1844)
  • 1927 – Victoria Woodhull, US politician, activist, author, journalist (b. 1838)
  • 1937 – Hüseyin Nurettin Özsu, Turkish soldier (b. 1879)
  • 1946 – Ananda Mahidol, eighth king of the Chakri Dynasty of Siam (b. 1925)
  • 1950 – Mehmet Sadık Kağıtçı, Turkish printer and founder of Ece Agenda (b. 1868)
  • 1958 – Robert Donat, English actor (b. 1905)
  • 1959 – Adolf Windaus, German chemist (b. 1876)
  • 1961 – Camille Guérin, French veterinarian, bacteriologist, and immunologist (b. 1872)
  • 1972 – Rudolf Belling, German sculptor (b. 1886)
  • 1974 – Miguel Angel Asturias, Guatemalan author, diplomat, and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1899)
  • 1977 – Taha Carım, Turkish diplomat and Turkey's Ambassador to the Vatican (b. 1914)
  • 1989 – Rashid Behbudov, Azerbaijani singer and actor (b. 1915)
  • 1991 – Claudio Arrau, Chilean pianist (b. 1903)
  • 1992 – Enver Tunçalp, Turkish poet and critic (b. 1914)
  • 1994 – Jan Tinbergen, Dutch economist and Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1903)
  • 2000 – Ferruh Doğan, Turkish cartoonist (b. 1923)
  • 2005 – Turker Virtual, Turkish journalist
  • 2005 – Arjan Adarov, Altai writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 – Ousmane Sembène, Senegalese writer, screenwriter and director (b. 1920)
  • 2011 – MF Husain, Indian painter (b. 1915)
  • 2011 – Josip Katalinski, Bosnia and Herzegovina national football player (b. 1948)
  • 2011 – Tomoko Kawakami, Japanese voice actor (b. 1970)
  • 2013 – Iain Banks, Scottish writer (b. 1954)
  • 2013 – Walter Jens, a German philologist, writer and translator (b. 1923)
  • 2014 – Rik Mayall, English actor and comedian (b. 1958)
  • 2015 – James Last, German composer and conductor (b. 1929)
  • 2015 – Pumpkinhead, American rapper (b. 1975)
  • 2017 – Natig Aliyev, Azerbaijani politician (b. 1947)
  • 2017 – Andrzej Baturo, Polish photographer and manager (b. 1940)
  • 2017 – Doğan Heper, Turkish journalist and columnist (b. 1937)
  • 2017 – Adam West, American actor (b. 1928)
  • 2018 – Fadil Vokrri, Kosovar football player of Albanian descent (b. 1960)
  • 2019 – İbrahim Balaban, Turkish painter and writer (b. 1921)
  • 2019 – Bushwick Bill, Jamaican-American rapper (b. 1966)
  • 2020 – Ayşegül Atik, Turkish TV series actress and theater actress (b. 1948)
  • 2020 – Parviz Ebutalib, Iranian football player and manager (b. 1942)
  • 2020 – Ödön Földessy, Hungarian Olympic athlete (b. 1929)
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